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Title: Charakterystyka porównawcza rozwoju fizycznego uczniów szkół sportowej i tradycyjnej

Abstract:

Introduction The PhD thesis concerns physical development of students from primary schools (both sports and traditional) in Tarnów, which originally, because of a different educational profiles, differentiate the physical development of children and adolescents, as well as affect their attitudes. The research initiated by the author, is a pioneer study which may contribute developing a Child of Tarnow, which is an anthropometric picture of children and adolescents from Tarnów city in Poland. Since similar studies have been carried out for neighboring cities, e.g. Kraków and Rzeszów, the necessity of analogous study for Tarnów seems to be urgent. The results of such study are a valuable feedback on developmental and social-health problems of Tarnów community and they facilitate the designing of adequate prophylactic operations. The results are also an introduction for more complex investigation which will be realized in the future among the population of Tarnów city.Aim of the thesisThe main goal of the dissertation was to evaluate the influence of sport commitment and home environment on the course of physical development and health condition of students from sports and traditional primary schools.Materials and methodsThe dataset for research comprised 264-people sample – aged 9–13 years old, males and females. In the dissertation somatic indices of physical development based on anthropometric measurements of the examined group of children has been presented and interpreted using percentile charts. Modern, however not commonly used methods of assessment and diagnosis of body posture disorders (TPC) and cardiac conduction system dysfunctions (ECG), as well as evaluation of anthropometric measures, have been employed. Additionally, a survey has been conducted, in order to establish environmental influences on somatic development. A questionnaire about home environment has been prepared, 596 responses have been collected and processed. As a result, correlatives, which may affect children’s development and their health attitudes, have been found. In order to characterize the physical activity level of the children’s parents, another standardized research tool IPAQ has been employed. ; Results The present study revealed that there are differences in the physical development between the students from traditional and sports primary schools. Both boys and girls form the sports school were taller and had higher body mass than their peers from a traditional school. The sports school students were generally characterized by higher body circumferences, however the boys had tendency towards lowering of BMI values. In the sports school, despite increased physical activity, the overweight and obesity were more frequent. Particularly, numerous cases of lower body fatness and lower limb dysfunction have been observed. Additionally, idiopathic scoliosis cases were almost two times more frequent among girls from the traditional school compared with the sports school, and more frequent among girls than boys from the sports school. Development acceleration of many somatic features and shift of development between boys and girls by time of about one or two years has been observed.Conclusions1. Boys and girls from the sports school in general were higher and heavier than peer from the traditional school.2. In the sports school the percentage of students with overweight and obesity was somewhat larger than in the group of students from the traditional school.3. The girls from the sports school became more slender along with their age as effect of regular physical activity. Similar, but not so strong tendency was observed among boys.4. The sports school students were characterized by higher chest development compared with the students from the traditional school.5. In the traditional school boys more often than girls were characterized by pyknic rather than leptosomic body type.6. Home environment and particularly parent’s education strengthened health behavior in the families. The higher was the parent’s education, the more credible sources of health knowledge have been used and more proper health behavior has been observed.7. Mother was perceived as the key person in the families, caring about the biological as well as psycho-emotional sphere of the family members, especially children.8. In the students’ opinion, school nurse, besides form master, was the most important person in the educational environment, who cares about their health and related aspects.

Place of publishing:

Kraków

Level of degree:

2 - studia doktoranckie

Degree discipline:

zdrowie publiczne

Degree grantor:

Uniwersytet Jagielloński. Collegium Medicum. Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu.

Promoter:

Wojciech Czarny

Date issued:

2016

Format:

application/pdf

Identifier:

oai:dl.cm-uj.krakow.pl:4160

Call number:

ZB-126292

ControlNumberVIRTUA:

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Language:

pol

Access rights:

tylko w bibliotece

Location of original object:

Biblioteka Medyczna Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego- Collegium Medicum

Object collections:

Last modified:

May 24, 2021

In our library since:

Jun 14, 2017

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8

Number of object content views in PDF format

8

All available object's versions:

http://dl.cm-uj.krakow.pl:8080/publication/4160

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ZB-126292 May 24, 2021
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