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Title: The assesment of the relationship between diet and the estradiol and progesterone levels in menstrual cycles of women between 24-37 years of age


The results of the studies investigating the relationship between nutrients intake and the levels of ovarian hormones are inconsistent, and the association between dietary patterns and reproductive hormones in women of reproductive age has not been investigated yet. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between diet (energy, nutrients and alkohol intake and dietary patterns identified using principal component analysis) and the levels of 17β- estradiol and progesterone, and quantitative assesment of the differences in energy, nutrients and alkohol intake between menstrual cycle phases (follicular and luteal). A group of 186 (50 rural, 136 urban) volunteers during one menstrual cycle collected daily saliva samples in order to asses the levels of steroid hormones using radioimmunoassay method. During the same menstrual cycle, information on diet was collected using 24- hour recall repeated seven times. Two dietary patterns were identified: Plant Diet and Animal Diet. Energy intake, percentage energy as fat, percent energy as monounsaturated fatty acids and the intake of numerous nutrients were higher in luteal phase in comparison to the follicular phase. The relationship between diet (energy, nutrients and alkohol intake and dietary patterns) and the levels of 17β-estradiol and progesterone was statistically insignificant. The results of the study confirmed the ; occurrence of lutheal hyperphagia, whilst the study results could not support the hypothesis that diet is a modifiable determinant of the ovarian hormones concentrations in women of reproductive age.

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2 - studia doktoranckie

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Wydział Lekarski


Pająk, Andrzej

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tylko w bibliotece

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Last modified:

Mar 17, 2023

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Nov 21, 2012

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Edition name Date
ZB-113846 Mar 17, 2023


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