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Title: Evaluation of behavioral and dietary habits and nutritional status of children in grades 1-3 primary schools and Cracow within Myslenice County


School age is a period of physical and mental development of the child. Start learning in school makes changes in lifestyle and diets. Nutrition in childhood and early adolescence affects on human health. Education to correct eating habits during childhood and adolescence is valuable for healthy behavior.The aim of the work was to assess diet and nutritional preferences of children during the period before puberty and the risk of overweight and obesity. In 2008. Department of Human Nutrition was invited by the county Myslenice to prepare a draft of research in health promotion. After preparing the full scheme of the project was accepted and incorporated as a separate module to the project. Participation in the project lasts until March 2011. At the end of the Norwegian project running in the District Myslenice began preparations for carrying out the same test method in Cracow. The study included primary school pupils aged 7-9 years and their parents. Group size was 1140 children, including 560 (49,1%) of boys and 450 (50,9%) of girls. The project consisted of two parts - a research and education. After agreeing to examine the parents fulfil the author's survey. Survey for parents include: socio-economic family, the parents, the frequency of consumption of selected foods by children and their eating habits and physical activity. Children completed a questionnaire aimed at knowin ; g the degree, like food. Were also conducted anthropometric measurements (height, body mass, % body fat, waist and hip). Part of the educational project was carried out in the form of 45 - minute lectures multimedia. The aim was the transfer of knowledge and the power of health food products.The results were developed using the statistical package Statistica 9.0 PL (StatSoft company). The evaluation of differences between groups of children and differences in behavior in the diet of children depending on sex and place of residence was appliednonparametric Kruskal-Wallis Anova test (for multiple independent tests). When the former two categories of variables used the Mann-Whitney U test (two-sample independent). For the analysis variables used Chi2 test. The children's eating behaviors were observed irregularities. Children were getting to drink the most fruit and vegetable juices average of 1-2 glasses per day. We examined the differences in between the main meals will go according to place of residence, gender and BMI. Children living in rural areas often snack on sweets. Girls underweight significantly more likely to snack on fruit. However, the significantly less likely to consume products of fast-food, chips, crisps or salty sticks. It has been observed that children's eating habits are determined by the parents' educational level, as well as family income and place of resi ; dence.It was observed statistically significant differences in spending many hours in front of TV or computer, depending on where you live. Both boys and girls living in Cracow spent less than one hour a day in front of TV or computer - 64.2% of boys and 63.4% girls. While children living in the countryside frequently spent 2-3 hours a day. For additional activities that require a lot of movement in fact most children attended from Krakow and the least living in the countryside. Most regularly attend extra classes children living in Cracow. ; Three groups clustering models showing the nutrition of the children. The first model of nutrition study group, formed of children who eat often both butter and vegetable oils. These children came from families whose parents 'education and the average monthly income was not statistically different from the parents' education with focus 2, and was statistically significantly higher than parents with focus 3. Children from families with high income most often consumed butter, vegetable oils rarely, and most rarely chips, crisps, salty sticks. Another model presented feeding the family having the lowest income and lowest levels of education. These children rarely attend extra classes and more common in these overweight and obesity. It is necessary to correct nutritional education of children and their parents to the future of their eating beh ; avior were normal.

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Level of degree:

2 - studia doktoranckie

Degree discipline:

zdrowie publiczne ; pediatria

Degree grantor:

Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu


Schlegel-Zawadzka, Małgorzata

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Last modified:

Jun 2, 2022

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Aug 23, 2016

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Edition name Date
ZB-124962 Jun 2, 2022




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